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Bharat Ratna Award

Bharat Ratna Award
Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour, given for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, and in recognition of Public Service of the highest order.
The original specifications for the award called for a circular gold medal, 35 mm in diameter, with the sun and the Hindi legend "Bharat Ratna" above and a floral wreath below. The reverse was to carry the state emblem and motto. It was to be worn around the neck from a white ribbon.
The provision of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954. The first ever Indian to receive this award was the famous scientist, Chandrasekhara  Venkata Raman (1954). Since then, many dignitaries, each a whiz in varied aspects of their career has received this coveted award.

The following are the 41 recipients of the Bharat Ratna Award till July, 2011:-

Name of Awardee
Year
Country/state
Field
Pt.  Bhimsen Joshi
2008
KarnatakaArts
Lata Mangeshkar
2001
MaharashtraArts
Late. Ustad  Bismillah Khan
2001
Uttar PradeshArts
Prof. Amartya Sen
1999
UKLit. & Education
Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (Posth.)
1999
AssamPublic Affairs
Loknayak Jayprakash Narayan (Posth.)
1999
BiharPublic Affairs
Pt. Ravi Shankar
1999
United StatesArts
Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam
1998
Tamil NaduPublic Affairs
Smt. M.S. Subbulakshmi
1998
Tamil NaduArts
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
1997
DelhiScience & Eng.
Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali (Posth.)
1997
DelhiPublic Affairs
Shri  Gulzari Lal Nanda
1997
GujaratPublic Affairs
Shri  J. R. D. Tata
1992
MaharashtraTrade & Industry
Shri  Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
1992
West BengalPublic Affairs
Shri  Satyajit Ray
1992
West BengalArts
Shri  Morarji Desai
1991
GujaratPublic Affairs
Shri  Rajiv Gandhi
1991
DelhiPublic Affairs
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
1991
GujaratPublic Affairs
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedakr
1990
MaharashtraPublic Affairs
Dr. Nelson Mandela
1990
South AfricaPublic Affairs
Shri Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran
1988
Tamil NaduPublic Affairs
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
1987
PakistanSocial Work
Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave
1983
MaharashtraSocial Work
Mother Teresa
1980
West BengalSocial Work
Shri Kumaraswamy  Kamraj
1976
Tamil NaduPublic Affairs
Shri  V.V. Giri
1975
OrissaPublic Affairs
Smt. Indira Gandhi
1971
Uttar PradeshPublic Affairs
Shri  Lal Bahadur Shastri
1966
Uttar PradeshPublic Affairs
Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane
1963
MaharashtraSocial Work
Dr. Zakir Hussain
1963
Andhra PradeshPublic Affairs
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
1962
BiharPublic Affairs
Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy
1961
West BengalPublic Affairs
Shri Purushottam Das Tandon
1961
Uttar PradeshPublic Affairs
Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve
1958
MaharashtraSocial Work
Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant
1957
Uttar PradeshPublic Affairs
Dr. Bhagwan Das
1955
Uttar PradeshLit. & Education
Pt.  Jawaharlal Nehru
1955
Uttar PradeshPublic Affairs
Dr.  M. Vishweshwariah
1955
KarnatakaCivil Service
Shri  Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
1954
Tamil NaduPublic Affairs
Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
1954
Tamil NaduScience & Eng.
Dr.  Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan
1954
Tamil NaduPublic Affairs
It is also not mandatory that Bharat Ratna be awarded every year. The last time this award was given was in 2008, to Pt. Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi.



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